Ladder Safety


   Choose the correct ladder

    • Ladder type- freestanding (step ladders) and non-freestanding (extension ladders), as well as step stools, platform and trolley ladders.
    • Chose a ladder that is capable of supporting your weight and the weight of any materials you will be using (See chart).
    • Do not use step ladders in a folded and leaned position in place of a straight ladder.
    • Do not use aluminum ladders when working around electricity.
  • Always check sticker on ladder for specifications and limits


Type     Weight Rating       Duty Rating

1-AA     375 pounds           Super Heavy Duty

1-A         300 pounds         Extra Heavy Duty

1             250 pounds         Heavy Duty Industrial

2             225 pounds         Medium Duty Commercial

3             200 pounds         Light Duty Household


Inspect the Ladder

Always inspect ladders before each use. If ladder is damaged or defective, mark it as so. Clearly mark or tag the ladder with “DO NOT USE” and remove from jobsite until repaired and inspected. Inspect all aspects of ladder including: Rungs, Side Rails, Cracks, Excessive Bends, Hardware, Feet, Coatings or Paint, Slipping Hazards.


Using the Ladder

    • Position Ladders on level ground and ensure all feet of the ladder are on a firm, dry, level surface.
    • Be sure to clear the ground area around the ladder before climbing. Check surroundings for hazards such as unlocked doors or moving objects.
    • Only use stepladders ladders in a fully open position. Lock the side braces and cross braces before climbing.
    • Do not stand on the top two steps of the ladder unless they are designed for standing.
    • Watch for people working under or around the ladder. Blocking off the ladder area is a good idea if possible.
  • Keep your body centered on the middle of the ladder- Do not lean to reach items while standing on the ladder.


    • Get someone to assist you when working with a ladder especially when carrying material. Use tool belts or buckets to carry tools.
  • Follow the 4:1 rule- For every 4 feet of height have base 1 foot away from vertical surface


  • Face the ladder and use the 3 point contact system

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