Construction Safety- Safe Practices 1


Fire safety and combustible materials:

  • Keep oily rags away from oxygen to avoid spontaneous combustion.
  • Always light torch with a “torch lighter.” Never use a match or cigarette and never in a keg or drum.
  • Open compressed gas cylinders slowly to avoid valve damage.
  • Make sure engines in buildings are away from combustible materials, and exhaust is properly ventilated.
  • After work, check clothing for hidden hot slag or molten metal. Do not wear oil-soaked clothing.


Elevated work and ladder safety:

  • When climbing a ladder, face the ladder and use both hands. Use hand line or material hoist to lift loads.
  • Use only sturdy ladders on firm base. Where possible, angle out the base at one-fourth of the ladder’s working length. Keep the working area clear of debris.
  • Have ladder reach at least three feet above landing for easy access. Tie off ladder at top (secure bottom and brace long ladders).
  • Use scaffold if solid footing or safe ladder access is not possible.
  • Platform planks should overlap supports not less than six inches nor more than twelve inches and be secured from shifting.


Electrical safety:

  • Consider all wires “live/Hot” until checked and locked out. Keep safe distance from “live/Hot” electricity.
  • Have electrical power tools or equipment properly grounded.
  • Do not use electrical power tools or equipment while standing in water. All electrical power tools and extension cords should have rubber insulation. Damaged cords should be replaced not repaired.
  • Only qualified personnel should make electrical repairs or installations. Do not use metal ladders and hats near high-powered electricity.


Maintain a safe work area at all times:

  • Properly place cords, leads, hoses, etc., to avoid tripping hazards and unnecessary damage.
  • While carrying a load, check for clear path.
  • Oil, grease, and water spills must be cleaned up right away. Delay can cause accidents.
  • Keep loose materials off stairs, walkways, ramps, platforms, etc.
  • Remove or clinch nails in old lumber.

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